Monday, October 13, 2008

A cranberry bog through the seasons

Cranberries grow in the Pine Barrens regardless of whether they're cultivated or not; those that grow along the borders of swamps are not as large as their cultivated cousins, but I'm sure they're just as tasty. Cranberry farming is said to be among the most respectful of the environment; pesticide and fertilizer use is minimal and the harvest during the month of October is quite the agricultural spectacle, in my opinion.

During the summer months, a cranberry bog is a carpet of tangled vines. When the vines are in flower in early summer, pollination is assured by placing any number of perilous beehives among the bogs. There's often nice numbers of dragonflies and butterflies, too, that feed on the wildflowers that grow along the dikes.

At some point in late summer, the bogs are flooded via the system of dams that interlaces the bogs. The water protects the tiny fruit and makes harvesting much less labor-intensive.

This man here is making some adjustment to the water level in the bog. The color of the berries just astounds me! Typical of fall, the vegetation along the dikes was covered in spider webs and there were millions of spiders everywhere... ballooning in the air, crawling over the farm equipment, climbing in my hair. Eeck! There's not ever much in the way of birds here, save the Turkey Vultures and at least 30 Killdeer stalking the dikes.

This is one of the scary-looking machines used to harvest the cranberries; I think this may be some type of conveyor-belt thingy, actually. Specialized machines... things that look like tractors for water are driven through the bogs to beat the berries off the vines so that they float to the top. The berries are corralled to one corner of the bog and then collected and transported to the Ocean Spray processing plant that's in a nearby town.

After harvesting, the bogs are drained so the vines can be pruned (or picked-over by hand for any that were missed by the beaters!) The bogs are flooded again in late December or early January to protect the vines from freezing and further irrigated, if necessary, to keep the water from freezing over. In spring the bogs are drained again and the honeybees brought back into service and the cycle starts anew.

If you're interested in witnessing this spectacle,
Piney Power has a schedule of harvest dates and directions to farms that are visitor-friendly. Two of my favorite places are Double Trouble State Park in Bayville and any of the farms along Rte. 530 near Whitesbog Village. There's some great pics of the harvest at that link also. Enjoy!

6 comments:

Jayne said...

That's just fascinating Laura!

Erin said...

Very cool! Such beautiful colors. I used to live in northern NJ when I worked in Newark. I HATED it. Too crowded, too much traffic. But southern NJ is so pretty. I might have stayed if I had been able to live down there.

KGMom said...

This is a most interesting informative post--I always love to learn new things.

fourwindshaiga said...

I wondered exactly how they grew. Now when I think of cranberries, I think of those two dubs on the tv ad.

Can you smell the berries when you are near the bog? I never thought about the butterlies and dragonflies that might be there. Of course they would be. Loved this story, and your photos.

gregor said...

Double Trouble is a wonderful place. Back in the late sixties, when I first discovered it, there was still a functioning and thriving cranberry business there, as well as a saw mill. We used to go swimming in the ice cold cedar water on hot summer days, what a great way to cool off. Thanks for reminding me of that!

bobbie said...

What a great post, Laura! Thanks for the link, too. I LOVE cranberries, and juice, etc.